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  • COMMON CONDITIONS & DISEASES

    Refer to the common diseases and health conditions that affect people across Africa. At My Health Africa, we have ranked these diseases and conditions depending on the public health concern about the conditions across Africa.

  • COMMON CONDITIONS
    AND DISEASES

Common conditions refer to the common diseases and health conditions that affect people across Africa. At My Health Africa, we have ranked these diseases and conditions depending on the public health concern about the conditions across Africa.

We set out below to rank and provide an overview of the top ten conditions affecting people across Africa according to our research at My Health Africa.

Malaria

Please See a Doctor As Soon As Possible

Treatable by a Doctor

Malaria claims the lives of over 100,000 people annually in Africa. It is a parasite caused infection that is transmitted through infected mosquitoes from one person to another. Some of its symptoms include headaches, fever, vomiting, and if untreated it can lead to other more severe symptoms like anaemia and kidney failure.

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Diarrhoeal Disease

Please See a Doctor As Soon As Possible

Treatable by a Doctor

Over 1 billion diarrhoeal disease cases occur worldwide, each year. This is the 2nd leading cause of death among children below 5 years. It causes frequent passing of watery or very loose stools and is caused by bacteria, viruses or parasites. The common symptoms of diarrhoeal disease include watery stool, fever, abdominal pain, nausea, among others.

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HIV/AIDs

Please See a Doctor As Soon As Possible

Manageable by Medication, Not Curable

More than 25 million people in Africa were living with HIV/AIDs in 2016. HIV/AIDs is an infectious disease caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which attacks and weakens the immune system of an infected person. It is mostly transmitted through sex; however, it can be transmitted through coming into contact with the blood of an infected person by sharing needles and other sharp objects.

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Cancer

Please See a Doctor As Soon As Possible

Can be Treated by a Doctor

8.8 million people died in 2015 globally, due to cancer. Cancer occurs when malignant (cancerous) cells grow rapidly and uncontrollably in any part of the body. The symptoms depend of the type of cancer a person is suffering from; however, the presence of a tumour is the most common symptom for most cancers.

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Heart Conditions

Please See a Doctor As Soon As Possible

Can be Treated by a Doctor

Heart conditions are the leading cause of death globally taking the lives of over 17 million people annually. They refer to disorders that affect the heart and blood vessels and are also referred to as cardiovascular diseases. The causes of heart conditions depend on the specific condition a person has. There are some that a person is born with, while others developed later in life, or are brought about by other health conditions.

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Tuberculosis

Please See a Doctor As Soon As Possible

Treatable by a Doctor

In 2016 alone, over 1 million people died of TB globally and over 10 million cases of TB were reported in the same year. Tuberculosis is a bacteria-caused infection that is transmitted through the air when an infected person sneezes, coughs or spits. Some of the symptoms of this disease include fever, prolonged coughing, chills and loss of appetite.

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Hepatitis

Please See a Doctor As Soon As Possible

Can be Treated by a Doctor

1.34 million people died in 2015, globally, due to hepatitis, while 325 million people in that year, were living with the virus. Hepatitis is a viral infection that causes inflammation of the liver. Apart from being caused by hepatitis viruses, it can also be caused by toxins, some medications, and excessive alcohol intake. Some of the symptoms a person with hepatitis can experience include pale stool, dark urine and loss of appetite.

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Hypertension

Please See a Doctor As Soon As Possible

Can be Treated by a Doctor

Hypertension, also known as High Blood Pressure is the cause of over 7 million deaths each year, worldwide. This condition involves the blood pushing against the walls of the blood vessels, exerting high force on the vessels. It can be caused by excessive alcohol intake and high intake of salt, smoking, age, among other factors. When this condition is not treated, it can lead to cardiovascular conditions such as stroke and heart attacks.

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Diabetes

Please See a Doctor As Soon As Possible

Manageable by Medication, Not Curable

1.6 million people died in 2015 due to diabetes, globally, while in 2016 over 400 million people were living with diabetes, worldwide. Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when insufficient insulin is released by the pancreas or insulin is not utilized by the body effectively. Some of the symptoms of diabetes include frequent urination, unintentional weight loss, changes in vision and extreme hunger.

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Typhoid

Please See a Doctor As Soon As Possible

Treatable by a Doctor

There are more than 400,000 cases of typhoid reported annually in Africa. This is a bacteria-caused infection transmitted through ingestion of contaminated food and drinks, or by coming into direct contact with the faeces on an infected person. It causes the following symptoms: abdominal pain, fever, headaches, unintentional weight loss, among others.

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